Men and women exhibit wide ranges of response to resistance training, with some subjects showing little to no gain, and
others showing profound changes, increasing size by over 10 cm2 and doubling their strength. Men had only a slight advantage in
relative size gains compared with women, whereas women outpaced men considerably in relative gains in strength.
Data collection is ongoing at present. However, pilot data suggests an inverse relationship between absolute body fat and percent body fat and total glucose clearance. There was the suggestion of a positive relationship for muscular strength and VO2max and total glucose clearance. A less-pronounced positive relationship was indicated for lean body mass and grip strength and fasted blood glucose concentration and total glucose clearance.
Daily breakfast is causally linked to higher physical activity thermogenesis in lean adults, with greater overall dietary energy intake but no change in resting metabolism. Cardiovascular health indices were unaffected by either treatment but breakfast maintained more stable afternoon/evening glycemia than fasting.